Oromummaa as Oromo National Culture, Identity and Ideology

Explaining Oromummaa intelligently and clearly requires at least five levels of conceptualization: at the first level, having a basic form of Oromummaa means to manifest Oromoness by practicing some aspects of Oromo culture, language, belief systems, values, norms, customs, and traditions. An Oromo automatically develops this form of Oromummaa because of the influence of Oromo extended families and community institutions. Hence, every Oromo, if not totally assimilated to another culture, has the basic form of Oromummaa. On the basic level, most Oromo, except the totally assimilated ones, speak the same…

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