Oromo Religion

There are three main religions in Oromia: traditional Oromo religion, Islam and Christianity. Before the introduction of Christianity and Islam, the Oromo people practiced their own religion. They believed in oneWaaqayoo, which approximates to the English word God. They never worshipped false gods or carved statues as substitutes. M. de Almeida (1628-46) had the following to say: “the Gallas (Oromo) are neither Christians, moors nor heathens, for they have no idols to worship.” The Oromo Waaqa is one and the same for all. He is the creator of everything, source…

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Oromo People

THE PEOPLE In spite of the fact that there are several indications and evidences that Oromo are indigenous to this part of Africa, Abyssinian rulers, court historians and monks contend that Oromo are newcomers to the region and did not belong here. For instance, the Abyssinian court historian, Alaqa Taye (1955), alleged that in the fourteenth and sixteenth centuries the Oromo migrated from Asia and Madagascar, entered Africa via Mombasa and spread north and eastwards. Others have advocated that during the same period the Oromo crossed the Red Sea via…

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Oromo Language

The Oromo nation has a single common mother tongue and basic common culture. The Oromo language, Afaan Oromoo, belongs to the eastern Cushitic group of languages and is the most extensive of the forty or so Cushitic languages. The Oromo language is very closely related to Konso, with more than fifty percent of the words in common, closely related to Somali and distantly related to Afar and Saho. Afaan Oromoo is considered one of the five most widely spoken languages from among the approximately 1,000 languages of Africa, (Gragg, 1982). Taking…

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Oromo Land

The country of the Oromo is called Biyya-Oromo (Oromo country) or Oromia (Oromiyaor Oromiyaa). Oromia is a name given by the Oromo Liberation Front to Oromoland, now part of the Ethiopian Empire. Krapf (1860) proposed the term Ormania to designate the nationality or the country of the Oromo people. This, most probably, originated from his reference to the people as Orma or Oroma. Oromia was one of the free nations in the Horn of Africa until its colonization and occupation by Abyssinia at the end of the nineteenth century. It…

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Oromo Economy

OROMIA AND  ITS ECONOMY January 14, 2017 Before Oromia was colonized, the Oromians built a self-sufficient economy based on agriculture, large ranching practices, handicrafts, and small industry responsible for steal production. With the arrival in the late 1860s a large number of colonial settlers, this cooperative economy was supplemented by a non-Oromo enclave devoted to retail business, an activity that went against the Waaqeffannaa doctrine back then. After Oromia lost its independence the exportable resources of the state were exploited to an increasing extent by the settler forces, which closely worked with global corporations and…

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Oromo Culture

Oromo have a very rich culture, fostered by the size of the population and large land areas with diverse climatic conditions. One highly developed self-sufficient system which has influenced every aspect of Oromo life is theGadaa system. It is a system that organizes the Oromo society into groups or sets (about 7-11) that assume different responsibilities in the society every eight years. It has guided the religious, social, political and economic life of Oromo for many years, and also their philosophy, art, history and method of time-keeping. This photo of…

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Oromo Calendar

Time is a very important concept in Gadaa and in Oromo life. Gadaa itself can be narrowly defined as a given set of time (period) which groups of individuals perform specific duties in a society. Gadaa could also mean age. The lives of individuals, rituals, ceremonies, political and economic activities are scheduled rather precisely. For this purpose, the Oromo have a calendar. The calendar is also used for weather forecasting and divination purposes. The Oromo calendar is based on astronomical observations of the moon in conjunction with seven or eight…

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THEORIZING OROMUMMAA[1]

By Asafa Jalata, PhD The main purpose of this paper is to theorize Oromummaa by conceptualizing it on different levels and offering theoretical insights and critical analysis of the Oromo national movement in relations to the struggles of other colonized and oppressed peoples.[1]Theorizing and conceptualizing Oromummaa specifically in relation to the ideological problem[2] of the Oromo nation movement and that of the others require recognizing the need to transform thinking and scholarship in Oromo politics and studies in order to critically and thoroughly assess the prospects for Oromo politico-cultural transformation…

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OROMO BENEFIT CONCERT PRESS RELEASE

The Macha-Tulama Cooperative and Development Association (MTA) would like to announce that on March 19, 2016, it will be hosting a benefit concert featuring famous Oromo artists, namely, Hacaaluu Hundessa, Jambo Jote, Tuujii Mudde, Abdi Nuressa, and Dawite Mekonnen. It will take place at the Fillmore Silver Spring Concert Hall, a nationally renowned venue in the Washington, DC area. This benefit concert is a fundraiser particularly focused on providing much needed financial assistance to the Oromo victims of state violence and their families. During these past couple of years since…

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OBBO BAQQALA MOKONNON:  A PIONEERING AND LIFE‐LONG OROMO NATIONALIST

One of the founders of Macha Tulama Association It was with deep sadness that our people both in Oromia and in the Diaspora heardon January 24, 2016, of the passing away of Obbo Baqqala Mokonnon,one of the distinguished pioneering founders and leaders of the renowned Macha–Tulama Self­Help Association (MTA). He was a great leader and a highly respected nationalist who devoted all of his adult life to fighting for the rights of the Oromo people. Obbo Baqqala died at the age of eith-six. He spent about a decade in an…

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